DLACZEGO AMERYKANIE OBCHODZĄ HALLOWEEN?
Most of the people living in the United States of America, particularly kids, cannot imagine not celebrating Halloween on October 31. This truly American holiday has become so popular in the United States that every year there is a lot of craziness about it. Days spent on preparing decorations and choosing costumes are worthwhile.
Parents help their children to carve lanterns with scary faces out of various vegetables such as pumpkins or even turnips. It’s cool if your front garden looks like a graveyard and there are scary figures, creatures almost everywhere.
History of Halloween
But the questions is: „How did it start?”. In fact, there are lots of stories which may seem very unrealistic but for the Americans what counts is fun. On website timeanddate.com we get to know that „Halloween originated as a pagan festival in parts of Northern Europe, particularly around what is now the United Kingdom. Many European cultural traditions hold that Halloween is a time when magic is most potent and spirits can make contact with the physical world. In Christian times, it became a celebration of the evening before All Saints’ Day. Immigrants from Scotland and Ireland brought the holiday to the United States.
The commercialization of Halloween started in the 1900s, when postcards were produced. Halloween costumes started to appear in stores in the 1930s and the custom of “trick-or-treat” appeared in the 1950s. The types of products available in Halloween style increased with time. Now Halloween is a very profitable holiday for the manufacturers of costumes, yard decorations and candy”.
Nowadays there are a great deal of symbols around Halloween. First of all, the majority of children dress up as ghosts, zombies, witches, werewolves or wizards. Walking from door to door they collect sweets and simply enjoy the night. This is what Halloween is about.
Thanks to Gettin’ English you can read authentic articles and improve your English every day. See you!
particularly – w szczególności
worthwhile – wart zachodu
carve a lantern – wydrążyć lampion
various – różny
a pumpkin – dynia
a turnip – rzepa
a graveyard – cmentarz
a creature – istota / stworzenie
pagan – pogański
potent – mocny / potężny
a spirit – duch / dusza
All Saints’ Day – Dzień Wszystkich Świętych
appear – pojawiać się
trick or treat – cukierek albo psikus
available – dostępny
profitable – dochodowy
a manufacturer – producent / wytwórnia
a candy – cukierek (AmE)
dress up as – przebrać się za
a werewolf – wilkołak
a wizard – czarodziej